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E-mobility made easy
While you’re sitting comfortably at home
SMA EV Charger allows PV system operators to charge their electric vehicles intelligently and sustainably. This is because charging electric vehicles with solar power keeps grid purchase costs to a minimum.
Whether your system is brand-new or has been in operation for some time, SMA EV Charger is highly flexible and compatible with all standard electric vehicles thanks to its permanently attached type 2 charging cable. Thanks to the SMA Energy System Home, users receive solutions from a single source.
Compatible with all standard electric vehicles
Integration into new and existing PV systems
Everything from a single source
Fast and easy to use
It can be easily operated using a rotary switch directly on the device or from the SMA Energy app on your smartphone. The boost function charges at almost twice the speed of a conventional charging station. Even small solar capacities can be utilized to the maximum early in the morning and evening thanks to the automatic switchover from single- and three-phase charge modes.
Charging with up to 22 kW
Boost function for grid-compatible, single-phase charging with up to 7.4 kW
Control and visualization via your smartphone using the SMA Energy app
When you are in a hurry, SMA EV Charger enables charging with the maximum available charging power and up to ten times faster than a conventional household socket*. For this, the electric vehicle charger can use utility grid or solar power.
If you have time to spare, SMA EV Charger enables affordable, CO2 - neutral charging with sustainable electricity from your own PV system. For emission-free mobility at minimal costs.
When you enter the charging target (departure time and amount of electricity to be charged) in the SMA Energy app, Sunny Home Manager intelligently schedules charging. This enables charging at minimal cost and with the peace of mind that your vehicle will be ready to go.
Everything under control
Everything from a single source
Thanks to the SMA Energy app, system owners have all the relevant information about their systems at the ready at all times. This ensures greater transparency thanks to up-to-date information about the charging process and maximum control through configuration of the charging mode.
Highly convenient: Simply enter when you want your car to be ready and the app starts the charging process automatically.Learn more
Ease and comfort
This highly intelligent system always takes all loads into account during charging and prevents the home connection from becoming overloaded. Automatic adjustment of the charge power, even when multiple loads are in use simultaneously, ensures smooth operation at all times. This means that users always benefit from the maximum available power that the house connection and vehicle allow. With SMA Smart Connected, SMA is the first manufacturer to offer free, automatic monitoring of the charging station, which allows installers to provide customers with quick and targeted service.
Reliable thanks to power outage protection
Integrated direct current failure monitoring reduces installation costs
Safe investment through integrated SMA Smart Connected service
If you have activated the automatic software update function in the SMA EV Charger, the update will be performed without any further action. Otherwise you must temporarily reactivate the automatic update function in order to perform the update. Please note that this version is being updated in stages. Not all SMA EV Chargers will receive the update at the same time.
Version 1.02.23.R (April 2022)
- Multi-EVC operation with up to 3 SMA EV Chargers on one Sunny Home Manager 2.0 (≥ 2.08.5.R)
- Authorization of charging processes via the SMA Energy app (Android/iOS ≥ 1.12.X.R)
- Dimmable status LEDs (3 levels)
- Differentiation between event 7605 "Communication error of inverter bridge" and event 7637 "Communication to internal energy meter disrupted"
- Setting range for the "Nominal current of the point of interconnection" parameter extended to 1000 A
- Boost function can be used even if the max. charging power is limited to 11 kW
Version 1.01.35.R (December 2021)
- Security vulnerability CVE-2021-44228 (log4S/log4Shell) fixed
Version 1.01.34.R (September 2021)
- SMA EV Charger freezes sporadically/all LEDs off/WebUI not available
Version 1.01.31.R (June 2021)
- Support for a new, internal energy meter hardware to ensure delivery capability
Version 1.01.30.R (March 2021)
- Support for a batch of internal energy meters with incorrect configuration
Version 1.01.28.R (January 2021)
- Possibility to download diagnostic data via the WebUI for analysis by SMA Service
- Improved car/vehicle wake-up
- Optimization of the data transmission of the live values to the SMA Energy App
- Relay error detection (event 7702)
- Unwanted watchdog error after update
Version 1.01.22.R (November 2020)
- Communication error in inverter bridge (event 7605)
Version 1.01.20.R (October 2020)
- Support for SingleCast subscription mechanism to Energy Meter
Version 1.01.17.R (August 2020)
- Fast charging, PV-optimized charging and forecast-based charging (configuration of charging target)
- Automatic phase-switching for maximum use of solar energy
- Higher level of safety thanks to power outage protection
- Boost function for standard-compliant, single-phase charging with up to 7.4 kW
- Compatibility with Sunny Home Manager 2.0 (≥ 2.04.11.R)
- SMA Smart Connected
- Visualization and control via SMA Energy app
SMA EV Charger 7.4 / 22
SMA EV Charger was developed for use with the Sunny Home Manager 2.0. This configuration also allows you to use intelligent charging management. However, even without the Sunny Home Manager 2.0, SMA EV Charger can be used as a standard wallbox and easily integrated into a PV system later on.
When setting up the system, simply deselect the option “operation with grid-connection point meter”. Note, however, that visualization in the Sunny Portal and SMA Energy app and all the functions that come with SMA Energy System Home are available only in conjunction with the Sunny Home Manager 2.0.
In principle, SMA EV Charger can also be operated in combination with the Sunny Home Manager BT, but with some restrictions: For example, SMA EV Charger does not appear in the device overview in the Sunny Portal; the control steps are much bigger; no events are transported to the system logbook; SMA Smart Connected is not available; visualization and control via the SMA Energy app are not possible. Forecast-based charging then has to be configured indirectly using the parameter settings on the device’s user interface. If you want to make full use of the intelligent charging options, you should thus consider using the Sunny Home Manager 2.0.
With software update 1.02.23.R for the SMA EV Charger, up to three SMA EV Chargers are now supported on one Sunny Home Manager 2.0 (≥ 2.08.5.R) in multi-EVS mode. This will allow the SMA EV Chargers to be visualized and controlled via the SMA Energy app.
Charging cables of 7.5 m and 10.0 m in length have been available as options since August 2021. Installers can order the cables as spare parts through the SMA Online Shop and retrofit them to existing systems. System operators should contact their installers directly, as the SMA Online Shop is intended for use by solar power professionals only.
You can switch between fast charging and optimized charging using the rotary switch on the SMA EV Charger enclosure. Note, however, that you cannot configure fast charging mode via the SMA Energy app. If you set the rotary switch to the optimized switch position, SMA EV Charger will begin PV-optimized charging by default. Alternatively, you can then set a desired charging target via the SMA Energy app.
You can find the “slider” in the Sunny Portal by choosing load characteristics > optional energy requirements. In optimized charging mode, your electric vehicle will be charged with the minimum share of solar energy for SMA EV Charger. Depending on how your system is configured, for example, you should allow 20% grid-supplied power to ensure that the Sunny Home Manager 2.0 also performs scheduling for small PV systems or can take into account variable weather conditions. Rather than a static value, this figure is more of a target that the Sunny Home Manager 2.0 will aim to achieve throughout the day.
The Sunny Home Manager 2.0 regulates SMA EV Charger at one-minute intervals. Especially when conditions are variable, this may result in a discrepancy with respect to the actual level of PV power generation. So even if you have set 100% power generation, it is still possible that only a small amount of charging power is actually drawn from the utility grid. In addition, planning is done by the Sunny Home Manager 2.0 based on a schedule (hypothesis). Regular changes due to unforeseen events are absolutely normal.
During fast charging, the vehicle is charged with the maximum power that the vehicle and house allow. Any energy source is used here, so the system could potentially be drawing power from the home storage system to charge your vehicle.
During PV-optimized charging, SMA EV Charger charges the vehicle with the energy mix saved in the Sunny Portal (slider). Charging of battery prior to optional loads checkmark decides whether the battery or OPTIONAL load is supplied with the surplus solar power initially. Depending on how the slider is set, energy from the home storage system or utility grid can also be used to charge the vehicle.
During forecast-based charging, surplus solar energy is initially used for achieving the charging target configured in the SMA Energy app. If not enough of this energy is available for achieving the charging target, the home storage system is used. Once the home storage system is used up, the energy is drawn from the utility grid.
SMA EV Charger is designed for unidirectional AC charging of the electric vehicle in accordance with IEC 61851-1. Bidirectional DC charging at home is therefore not possible. This is prevented in particular by regulatory conditions. In addition, the galvanic isolation prescribed by the applicable standards results in high original costs for charging solutions. Vehicle manufacturers are increasingly offering vehicle models with communication in accordance with ISO 15118, thereby potentially enabling bidirectional applications. SMA is monitoring developments in this area with great interest.
SMA EV Charger 22 is eligible for funding. When setting up your system, the solar power professional has to limit the device to a charging power of 11 kW (see manufacturer’s declaration the product page download area*). In addition, all the power for charging the electric vehicle has to come from renewable energies. This can be demonstrated by either concluding a green electricity contract (e.g., SMA JOIN) or submitting a self-declaration that the vehicle is charged exclusively using self-generated solar power. Once your request has been approved by the KfW, you have to install your system within nine months and submit the necessary documentation.
When SMA EV Charger is installed, it is vital that the charging cable supplied is connected as shown in our manual. If the lines are not connected as shown there, single-phase charging cannot start. Three-phase charging begins only when a large amount of surplus power is available. The charging cable must be installed only by an electrically qualified person.
This is because the maximum charging power of the SMA EV Charger is currently restricted based on current. When restricted to 11 kW, the maximum charging current of the device is 16 A. To prevent the device’s fuse protection level being exceeded, single-phase charging of the vehicle will not exceed 3.5 kW either.
With software update 1.02.23.R, single-phase charging at up to 7.4 kW is possible even if the SMA EV Charger is restricted to 11 kW, provided that the electrical installation permits (e.g., line cross-section, fuse protection). The fuse protection of the electric circuit for the SMA EV Charger is the determining factor in this case (see AC current restriction parameter).
The SoC of the vehicle battery is not transmitted to the vehicle via PWM communication (pulse width modulation) as standard during charging in accordance with IEC 61851-1. The SMA EV Charger therefore has no current information on the state of charge of the vehicle battery and cannot use this information to optimize energy management.
No, because there is no standard transmission of the SoC via PWM communication (pulse width modulation) from the vehicle to the charging station.
The integrated boost function enables single-phase charging with up to 7.4 kW. The integrated symmetry feature ensures that the country-specific unbalanced load limit (4.6 kW in Germany) is adhered to at all times. This is possible, however, only when a single-phase (battery) inverter is connected in the same phase as SMA EV Charger. A three-phase inverter feeding into the grid is not sufficient here. Alternatively, large loads can be connected in the other two phases. The boost function itself does not need to be activated. As soon as solar power is available and the necessary conditions have been fulfilled, power from the utility grid and solar power are automatically combined for faster charging.
Thanks to power outage protection, SMA EV Charger can be easily integrated into an existing energy system at any time. Optimal utilization of the available connection capacity means that the house connection does not need to be expanded. When multiple loads are operated in parallel, SMA EV Charger automatically and dynamically reduces the charging power of the electric vehicle before a critical overload is reached, which prevents fuses from blowing. When the solar power professional sets up the system, the nominal current of the selective main miniature circuit breaker and not the SMA EV Charger fuse protection should be specified under “nominal current of the point of interconnection”.
As standard, the minimum charging current is set to 6 A (in accordance with IEC 61851-1). Depending on the vehicle connected, this may need to be changed. Due to its internal charging electronics, the Renault ZOE charges without any issues only from a charging current of 10 A. Ask your vehicle manufacturer about the minimum charging current for your vehicle. Any change to this value also affects the start of charging and the switching threshold of automatic phase-switching.
Automatic phase-switching by SMA EV Charger enables maximum utilization of self-generated solar power. This poses no danger to the electric vehicle’s on-board charger because there is a 120-second changeover pause between single- and three-phase charging – in other words, active single-phase charging is stopped and three-phase charging is activated after a short wait. An integrated hysteresis prevents constant switching between the phases.
SMA phase-switching is like a manual interruption in the charging process and causes no vehicle damage when the equipment is properly installed and configured (relay switchover time).
With SMA EV Charger software update 1.02.23.R, it is possible to approve each charging operation via the SMA Energy App (Android/iOS ≥ 1.12.X.R). To do this, simply enable the “Charging release via app” parameter once in the commissioning wizard or later via your device’s user interface. After that, each charging process will need to be approved manually via the SMA Energy App before it can begin after you plug in your electric vehicle. Charging approval will apply to the entire charging process until you unplug your electric vehicle. The charging approval option is available to all persons registered as users in the Sunny Portal system as well as for all SMA EV Chargers already installed.
If no digital signal source (e.g., ripple control receiver, remote terminal unit) is connected, there is the alternative option of using the digital inputs of the SMA EV Charger to connect an external key switch. This means that an external key switch can be connected to the fast stop and configured during commissioning via Grid management services > Active power control. This ensures that charging will not start until it has been approved.
Configure active power control only if a digital signal source is connected to the digital inputs of the SMA EV Charger. Without this, the SMA EV Charger will not charge the vehicle because it is still waiting for charging approval via the digital inputs. Activation of the function can be found in the log book of the Sunny Portal as the “Active power limitation / Fast stop active” message.
This is a known issue with first-generation ID.3 models which can only be solved by a software update of the vehicle. Within the framework of our in-series field tests with various vehicle models, we observed that the vehicles no longer “fall asleep”, even during optimized charging, following the extensive software update 2.1.
During our in-series field tests, we noticed that the problem with updating the vehicle to version 2.1 has been fixed.
Charging with the SMA EV Charger is not only about charging the electric vehicle, but rather the fact that the solar power generated from your system can be used intelligently for this purpose. E-mobility is only sustainable when the charging current comes from renewable energy sources. Thus, it is the intelligence of the SMA EV Charger that makes the device slightly more expensive than standard wallboxes at first glance. However, it enables you to make the best possible use of your valuable solar power through intelligent functions such as automatic phase-switching. As a result, you can charge sustainably at an unbeatable low cost. Using the flexible charging modes, you can decide for yourself anytime whether you want your car to be ready to go quickly or whether you simply want to charge it in a particularly sustainable and affordable way.
SMA EV Charger meets the normative requirements for radio systems. The relevant EU Declaration of Conformity can be found in the download area of our product page.
The charger itself (AC on-board charger) is integrated in the vehicle. A wallbox / charging station is required to ensure compliance with the safety functions and control the charging process.
In this video we will show you a few things you should keep in mind when connecting and commissioning the SMA EV Charger. Additionally, take a look at the blog post concerning FAQs: www.sma-sunny.com/en/sma-ev-charger-your-questions-our-answers/
In this video we present the continuation to part 1 of the instructions for commissioning the SMA EV Charger. Part 1 can be found here.
To complement this, also check out our blog post on Multi-EVC operation, authorizing charging processes via the SMA Energy App, dimmable status LEDs and much more: Service tip: SMA EV Charger etc. – The Benefits of the Latest Updates - Sunny. SMA Corporate Blog (sma-sunny.com)
SMA EV Charger is a wallbox for intelligent, fast and cost-effective charging of electric vehicles with solar power. In this Screencast our technical trainer Jan Roessler explains how to commission the SMA EV Charger 7.4/22.
SMA EV Charger is a wallbox for intelligent, fast and cost-effective charging of electric vehicles with solar power. In this Screencast our technical trainer Jan Roessler explains how to add the SMA EV Charger 7.4/22 to an existing plant with Sunny Home Manager 2.0 in Sunny Portal.
This video is the recorded live stream of the energy-packed SMA LET`S TALK ENERGY 2021 event series broadcast live from the new SMA studio in Kassel (Germany), in June 2021. In the second half of the recording, the standard-compliant initial testing of charging stations is demonstrated using the SMA EV Charger.
An exemplary test protocol according to IEC 61851 can be found here.